Rachel Neumeier

Fantasy and Young Adult Fantasy Author


Worldbuilding with language

Macsbrains posted this link in a comment to the silent-letters-in-English post: More than anyone ever needed to know about the kanji for phosphorus

It is a delightful post even if you start off knowing nothing whatsoever about Japanese kanji, which was my starting point. Here is part of the post:

When Japan decided it needed a kanji for the element phosphorus, it just repurposed 燐, which originally referred to any sort of mysterious ghost light–foxfire, will-o’-the-wisps etc. You can remember 燐 because the left half is the fire radical 火 and the right half is clearly the spawn of Satan the same phonetic element used in 隣 (リン、となり neighboring). That right half is made up of 米 (uncooked rice) and 舛 (a picture of two feet pointing different ways, like the bottom half of the kanji 舞 “dance”).

No but seriously why is there rice in there?

My kanji dictionary tells me it wasn’t always rice. It started out as 炎 (flames) and got simplified weird….

Somewhere along the line someone was like WTF I DON’T HAVE ROOM TO WRITE ALL THIS FIRE and wrote 米 instead. Then someone else was like WTF WHY DOESN’T THIS HAVE THE FIRE RADICAL and stuck more fire on there.

… And although I don’t know anything about Japanese kanji (a tiny bit more than I did before reading this post, though!) I love this historical oddity of a kanji starting off with the brush strokes for fire, being simplified so that it looked like rice, and then later someone saying “Why rice? Don’t we need fire? and putting fire back in so now the kanji includes both rice and fire…

This reminds me a bit of this moment in Steven Brust’s The Phoenix Guards series:

What followed was ten years of almost constant war between the Dragonlords of the Empire and the Easterners, during which the Easterners occupied the area and fought from the surrounding mountains. The Serioli, who departed the area to avoid any of the unfortunate incidents that war can produce, left only their name for the place, which was “Ben,” meaning “ford” in their language. The Easterners called the place “Ben Ford,” or, in the Eastern tongue, “Ben gazlo.”

After ten years of fierce battle, the Imperial Army won a great victory on the spot, driving the Easterners well back into the mountains. The Dragonlords who had found the place, then, began calling it “Bengazlo Ford.” The Dragons, wishing to waste as little time on speech as possible, shortened this to Benglo Ford, or in the tongue of the Dragon, which was still in use at the time, “Benglo ara.” Eventually, over the course of the millennia, the tongue of the Dragon fell out of use, and the Northwestern language gained preeminence, which rendered the location Bengloara Ford, which was eventually shortened to Bengloarafurd. The river crossing became the Bengloarafurd Ford, which name it held until after the Interregnum when the river was dredged and the Bengloarafurd Bridge was built. Should anyone be interested in finding this delightful city, it still stands, but the city was renamed Troe after the engineer who built the bridge, either because the citizens were proud of their new landmark, or because the engineer’s name was short.

Which is surely more extreme than anything in the real world (probably? Maybe?), but is deeply amusing. To me this seems reminiscent of the thing with fire-rice-fire in the Japanese kanji described above.

Language is a wonderful thing.

Please Feel Free to Share:


10 Comments Worldbuilding with language

  1. Elaine T

    Torpenhow Hill somewhere in England is like that Ford, but worse. Every syllable means ‘hill’ in a different language.

  2. Rachel

    I’m glad to hear that this kind of thing has really happened. I love the hill-hill-hill-hill name even more since it’s real. Plus I can actually see it in that one because when I think about it, I do know that “tor” means hill and also that “how” means hill. “Pen” — I don’t think I knew that one.

    Torpenhow Hill. Delightful.

  3. Elaine T

    Actually, if I can believe the internet it may not be real – I just got home and looked it up – and found a website ‘debunking’ the existence of the hill, although there is a village in Cumbria of the name (lacking the final ‘hill’).

    But the search also turned up a wiki claiming to list quite a few similar names, starting with Mt. Fuji which translates to Mount Mount. Lots of water names got repeated: Connecticut River – River River, Mississippi River – Big River River, Avon River – guess what? Yep: River River…. Oh, another hill in England, and I’ve run across this one in books by people who live in the area: Pendle Hill which, like Torpenhow Hill is Hill Hill. The site with the list, should you want to check it out, is:


  4. mona

    By the way, as far as I know, which is admittedly not much, Fuji does not mean mountain. I think the wiki author’s confusion comes from the fact that in Japanese the mountain is referred to as Fujiyama or Fuji-san, and both yama and san are written with the kanji for mountain. So if you say, in English, Mount Fujiyama, yes, you are essentially saying Mount Mount Fuji. But the kanji for Fuji itself do not include any mountain symbols.

  5. SarahZ

    Slightly unrelated, but one of my favorite bits from linguistics class was learning that when a word starts with an n, sometimes that n will jump ship and join the article instead: eg, “an umpire” used to be “a numpire”. Also, that you can tell what order polynesian islands were settled in by their strictly decreasing number of letters in their alphabets (Hawaii was last). Historical linguistics! Yay!

  6. Rachel

    Yay indeed! That’s a particularly neat little tidbit about the “n” jumping from the noun to the article.

  7. Kim Aippersbach

    I will now forever think of numpires at baseball games and will find them infinitely more amusing.

    Also, I even know who Rin from Blue Exorcist is, so that was an awesome post for that reason too!

    And for a third non sequitur, when I saw the title of this post I immediately thought of The Goblin Emperor, because the way each character speaks is such a brilliant part of the worldbuilding of that book.

  8. Rachel

    I immediately thought of The Goblin Emperor, because the way each character speaks is such a brilliant part of the worldbuilding of that book.

    It totally is! I am still so amused at the thought of how the copy editor must have winced every time she saw “ourself” in dialogue.

Leave A Comment